Functional Dry Needling (FDN)

Functional Dry Needling (FDN) is a therapeutic treatment using small monofilament needles to release shortened bands of muscle and decrease trigger point activity, in order to provide patients/clients with relief of their symptoms. By inserting the needles into specific points, FDN is used by a licensed physical therapist with specialized training in Dry Needling to resolve pain and promote healing by stimulating the neuromuscular system, neutralizing tissue pH, and promoting an inflammatory response. This is not to be confused with Chinese Acupuncture, but instead a medical treatment that utilizes evidence base research to determine the proper regions to be treated for each patient/client. Following treatment, we recommend people to drink plenty of fluids, keep moving (but do not overdo it), and heat/ ice may be used for soreness.

"Dry needling is a skilled technique performed by a physical therapist using filiform needles to penetrate the skin and/or underlying tissues to affect change in body structures and functions for the evaluation and management of neuromusculoskeletal conditions, pain, movement impairments, and disability." - Arizona Physical Therapy Association, Kinetacore

How does Dry Needling help healing?

FDN increases range of motion by decreasing muscle tightness/adhesions and increasing blood flow. This treatment improves pain by deactivation trigger points, desensitizing tissue, improving connection from the muscles to the spine and brain. The needles increase neurotransmission, neutralize pH, and promote inflammatory markers for healing. Function is restored by improving the muscular length-tension relationship restoring efficient muscle contraction.

What is the difference between Functional Dry Needling and Acupuncture?

FDN and Acupuncture use a similar tool, but very different methodology. Acupuncturists use Chinese Medicine with the Meridian Lines. Physical Therapists utilize their evaluation skills and knowledge of anatomy to treat the affected tissue with a medical diagnosis. This helps patients achieve their goals.

Is it painful?

You should feel the therapist holding the tissue more than the actual needle. The needle diameter is much smaller than those used for injections. The needles used for FDN are solid, not hollow. There is no shaft inside the needle and this decreases the risk of infection. Some patients report a deep ache or may feel a twitch in the muscle, and others don't feel a thing!

Is it dangerous?

As with any medical procedure, there are risks. In the case of FDN, the most serious, but rare, the risk is a pneumothorax, an accidental puncture of a lung. If this were to occur, there would be no further treatment and you should see a physician because a chest X-ray may be needed. Symptoms include shortness of breath, decreased blood pressure, weak rapid pulse, increased neck vein distention, chest pain, dry cough, and sitting up is the most comfortable position. Other risks include injury to a blood vessel or nerve, resulting in bruising, numbness, and/or tingling. Some patients may feel dizziness, nausea, headache, and in rare cases, fainting can occur with FDN. FDN treatment is performed with the patient lying down to this decrease risk.

There are risks with FDN that are reviewed prior to treatment. Your clinician will always use safe techniques to minimize these risks. The biggest risk is a punctured lung (pneumothorax), but this is extremely rare (<1:10,000) - McCutcheon, 2011

How much does it cost?

Currently, most health insurances in MA are not covering Dry Needling Treatment under typical policies. This will depend on the physical therapist's evaluation and the nature of the issue we are treating. We offer FDN on a cash pay basis for our patients or as a stand-alone service with 3 tiers of treatment. Most Simple and Complex sessions can be performed as an add-on to a Physical Therapy visit. In cases where more treatment is necessary, and can't be combined with a Physical Therapy visit, we offer a Full FDN Session. Please note, if adding body parts, further evaluation may be needed. Prices can be found below:

Functional Dry Needling Session Approx. Length of Session Cost/Session Body Part(s)

5-10 minutes $29.00 1

10-25 minutes $49.00 1-2
Full Session/ Wellness Evaluation

>25 minutes $99.00/$129.00 >2

How do I set up an appointment?

If you are currently being treated here, ask your physical therapist if FDN could be an option for you. If you are not currently a patient, please call (508)234-7544 to set up an evaluation with our FDN trained Physical Therapist, Dr. Jessica Lynch. Let the office staff know you are interested in dry needling when you call. Our informed consent form can be found here.

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